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Wheat Growth and Development - MF3300 (KSU)

Romulo Lollato


This 20-inch by 30-inch, full-color poster illustrates the wheat’s growth stages.

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Wheat Growth and Development - MF3300 (KSU)

Romulo Lollato


This 20-inch by 30-inch, full-color poster illustrates the wheat’s growth stages.

Dual-Purpose Wheat Management

Using the GreenSeeker Handheld Sensor and Sensor-Based Nitrogen Rate Calculator - PSS-2278 (OSU)
​Joy Abit & Brian Arnall


The Sensor-based Nitrogen Rate Calculator (SBNRC) is a free on-line sensor-based nitrogen (N) recommendation calculator. This web-based application was developed at Oklahoma State University and has been documented to increase profit of winter wheat production through either the reduction of N fertilizer inputs without loss of yield or an increase in yields with increased N fertilizer.

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Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings 2016 - MF991 (KSU)

Erick DeWolf, Romulo Lollato, Jeff Whitworth


Revised and expanded for 2016. Agronomic characteristics and expanded disease resistance information is included. Genetic resistance to diseases and insect pests is usually the most effective, economical, and environmentally sound control method. Resistance ratings represent results of multiple field and greenhouse evaluations by public and private wheat researchers. Ratings help producers select wheat varieties and minimize potential for serious yield losses.

Grazing Cover Crops in Cropland (Southern SARE)
Jose Dubeux, Jason Warren & Alan Franzluebbers

Cover crops are an important component of conservation agricultural systems in the Southeastern U.S. For some producers with extensive experience using cover crops, grazing can be a ‘next step’ in obtaining additional economic value while achieving environmental stewardship.

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Dual-Purpose Wheat: Management for Forage and Grain Production - MF3375 (KSU) /
PSS-2178 (OSU)

Romulo Lollato, David Marburger, Johnathon D. Holman, Peter Tomlinson, DeAnn Presley, and Jeff Edwards


This publication describes some of the management techniques used when producers plan to graze wheat fields and harvest a grain crop.

General Cover Crops and Soil Management

Top 10 Questions about Carbon and CO2 in Agriculture - MF3120 (KSU)
Peter Tomlinson, DeAnn Presley, and Charles W Rice

This publication addresses 10 of the most common questions about carbon and carbon dioxide as they relate to agriculture.

Greenhouse Gases in Agriculture - MF3119 (KSU)
Peter Tomlinson, DeAnn Presley, and Charles W Rice

Describes greenhouse gases and their role in agriculture. 

​Managing Soil Compaction - PSS-2244 (OSU)
Jason Warren, and Randy Taylor


This fact sheet discusses the causes of, plant symptoms, and how to correct soil compaction.

Cow-Calf Management Options When Pasture Is Limited - MF3114 (KSU)
Jaymelynn Farney, Chris Reinhardt, Sandy Johnson, Glynn T. Tonsor, and Jared Petersilie

To remain profitable in the face of widespread drought, record grain and feed prices, and other economic uncertainties, Kansas beef producers must focus on capturing value, managing returns, and implementing least-cost production strategies. This publication helps beef producers determine appropriate management practices for cow-calf operations when pasture is limited. 

The following fact sheets serve to provide some of the science behind creating more resilient beef cattle production systems.


Cattle Management

fact sheets


Grazing Cover Crops

Evaluating Multispecies Cover Crops for Forage Production

​C. Davis, D. Presley, J.K. Farney, and G.F. Sasenrath


Cover crops offer potential benefits for improving soil health, but establishment and management costs can be expensive. One way for farmers to recover these costs is to graze the forage, which benefits producers by integrating crop and animal production. 2015 version.

National Weather Service Forecasts: Serving Agriculture -MF3337 (KSU)/L-464 (OSU)
Albert Sutherland, Mary Knapp, Peter Tomlinson, Lana Barkman, Erin Maxwell, and Todd Lindley


​This publication describes various weather tools available from the National Weather Service.

Estimating Water Requirements for Mature Beef Cows - MF3303 (KSU), ANSI-3299 (OSU)
Courtney Spencer, David Lalman, Megan Rolf, Chris Richards

Cattle require a minimum amount of water, reflecting the water necessary for growth, fetal development, lactation, and replacing water lost from urine, sweat, and evaporation. An adequate supply of clean, fresh water is a critical component of maintaining healthy, productive livestock.This publication explains water needs for beef cattle and estimates daily water requirements considering temperature and feed intake.

Forage Crops: Grazing Management: Toxic Plants - MF3244 (KSU)
Jaymelynn Farney, Doug Shoup, Dave Rethorst, Dale Blasi and John Holman

Cover crops are gaining popularity as annual forages but may pose risks for grazing livestock. Describes animal health problems associated with certain species.

Forage Management

Wheat Variety Date of First Hollow Stem, Fall Forage Yield, and Grain Yield 2016 - MF3312 (KSU)

Romulo Lollato, Amanda de Oliveira Silva, Rafael Maeoka, Gary Cramer, Brent Jaenisch, and Jane Lingenfelser


To be successful in dual-purpose systems, wheat varieties often require traits that are overlooked in grain-only systems. These traits include fall forage yield potential, date of first hollow stem, potential for recovery from grazing, resistance to viral diseases common under early planting, high temperature germination sensitivity, coleoptile length, tolerance to low soil pH, and aluminum toxicity. 

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Dual-Purpose Wheat: Improving Grazing Management Using A Smartphone App - MF3304 (KSU) /
PSS-2170 (OSU)

Romulo Lollato, Andres Patrignani, Tyson Ochsner, Alexandre Rocateli, Peter Tomlinson, Jeff Edwards


Canopeo is a rapid and accurate green canopy cover measurement tool developed at Oklahoma State University. Canopeo is available as an application for both Android and iOS devices and enables the user to measure the percentage of green canopy cover in real time.

No-till Wheat Production in Oklahoma - PSS-2132 (OSU)
​Jeff Edwards, Francis Epplin, Bob Hunger, Case Medlin, Tom Royer, Randy Taylor, and Hailin Zhang


This fact sheet discusses the many considerations to be taking into account when making a decision of switching from conventional till to no-till method of wheat production.

Using Sunn Hemp as a Cover Crop in Oklahoma - PSS-2273 (OSU)
Jason Warren, Tracy Wilson, and Jeff Edwards


This Fact Sheet will provide information on some of the expected benefits and potential challenges of using sunn hemp as a summer cover crop.

What Is the Difference between Weather and Climate - MF3197 (KSU) / L-453 (OSU)
Peter Tomlinson, Mary Knapp, Albert Sutherland, and Amber Campbell

​This publication explains the different measurements and meanings of weather and climate. 

Weather, Climate and Climate Science

Confinement Cow Feeding - MF3115 (KSU)
Jaymelynn Farney, Chris Reinhardt, Sandy Johnson, Glynn T. Tonsor, and Jared Petersilie

When drought or other factors increase competition for grazing land, beef producers may consider moving cattle off grass and feeding them in a confinement pen. This publication provides information on culling decisions, diets, housing, and other concerns associated with this practice.